It’s imperative to be aware of the UAE Labour law, whether you’re an expat or Emirati – it doesn’t matter. Whether you’re an employer or an employee, it’s necessary to be aware of labour law. Employers must not violate the employment legislation, and staff must understand their rights while employed in the United Arab Emirates.
UAE Labour Law regulates all aspects of working relations between employers and employees.
Here are relevant articles of the UAE Labour Law that everyone must be aware of while working in Dubai and the United Arab Emirates.
Labour Law Article 1
This article contains the definitions for employer, firm, worker, employment contract, etc. The definitions are how UAE laws defined these terms, and you must know the definitions to comprehend the law.
Labour Law Articles 9
Work is an inherent right of the citizens of the United Arab Emirates.
Labour Law Article 10
In the case of absence of the local workers, the priority is for Arab nationals and then other nationalities.
Labour Law Article 13
Without prior approval of the Labour Department, non-nationals can’t secure an employment. The work permit shall be granted if following conditions are met:
1. The worker must be qualified either professionally or academically.
2. The worker has legally entered the UAE and prescribed conditions should be met.
Your HR contact may help you in this regard, in the case if you’re in the process to secure your role.
Labour Law Article 20
The youth of both sexes under the age of fifteen can’t engage in employment. Thus, companies can’t hire youth under the age of 15 either they’re UAE nationals or foreigners. In the case of hiring UAE nationals, the employer must obtain a birth certificate to verify their age.
Labour Law Article 27 and 28
Women can’t engage in employment at night. The word “night” shall mean eleven consecutive hours at least including the period from 10 pm until 7 am. The prohibition of women labour at night is an exemption if a force majeure cease the firm. Or, a woman is working in administrative and technical position. Or, she is working in healthcare and other jobs determined by the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation.
READ ALSO: The Life of a Working Woman in Dubai
Labour Law Article 32
There must not be discrimination between male and female for their wages. If they do the same job, both sexes should’ve the same salary. It’s relevant article for working women.
Labour Law Article 37
If you’re a newly hired by a UAE employer, your probation period must not exceed six months. In probation period, where an employer can terminate the worker without any given notice to end your service. The post-exceeding period is employee’s service period, not a probation period.
Labour Law Article 38
An employment contract can be for a limited or unlimited term. It depends on the employee’s role for the employer that which term’s contract should be. If the contract has limited term, it may not exceed four years. Such contracts may renew with an agreement of employee and employer mutually.
Labour Law Article 62
An employer can’t transfer the monthly salary of workers without written consent. The monthly salary of the daily wage workers or weekly, hourly, or piecemeal category.
Labour Law Article 65
According to the UAE Labour law, the working hours for an adult employee is 8 hours maximum per day or 48 hours per week. But, certain categories have extended the period to nine hours per day as per decision. They’re commercial establishments, hotels, restaurants, security guards, and others similar professions. However, if you’re working in a dangerous role, your employer may reduce your working hours when employer think it’s necessary. In the holy month Ramadan, the employer must reduce working hours by 2 hours.
Labour Law Article 67
If the nature of job demands employing workers beyond normal working hours, the additional time will be over time and will entitle the employee for remuneration corresponding to normal working hours, plus an additional payment of not less than 25% of the remuneration.
Labour Law Article 68
If circumstances require that an employee works overtime between 9 PM and 4 AM, he is entitled to remuneration of regular working hours pay, plus an increase of not less than 50% of that amount.
Labour Law Article 70
Friday is the week-off for all employees except daily wage workers. If circumstances require that an employee works as regards speaking this day, he is entitled to a choice day off or paid his basic meet the expense of all right functioning hours after that a collective of not less than 50% of that pay.
Labour Law Article 74
Employees deserve for an official holiday with full pay on the following days:
One day for Hijri New Year, Gregorian New Year, Isra and Miraj (Accession day), Prophet Mohammad’s (sall-Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) birthday and National Day, two days for Eid Al-Fitr and three days for Arafa Day and Eid Al Adha.